What is Raw Honey and Its Status in the UK?

Promotional image for Harry Rufus about 'What is Raw Honey and Its Status in the UK?' featuring the UK flag, a close-up of honeycomb cells, a container pouring raw honey, and a honey dipper on honeycomb.

This article aims to demystify the concept of raw honey, differentiating it from its processed counterparts and highlighting its intrinsic value in both wellness and gastronomy.

We’ve read the background material from the Food Standards Agency and scientific studies. Our discussion considers the nutritional and medicinal virtues of raw honey. We scrutinize the challenges in labeling practices and consumer perceptions, providing a comprehensive overview that underscores the authenticity and significance of raw honey in a health-conscious society.

Prepare to engage with the complexities of raw honey’s regulatory environment, its contribution to sustainable agriculture, and practical tips for discerning consumers. This narrative promises to enrich your understanding and appreciation of raw honey, inviting you to consider its place in your diet and its broader ecological impact.

Understanding Raw Honey

What is raw honey? Raw honey is honey in its most natural form. It goes straight from the hive to the honey jar with minimal processing. This preserves all of raw honey’s natural components, including pollen, propolis, royal jelly, amino acids and honeycomb bits.

bee hive

The production of unprocessed honey skips steps like pasteurization and fine filtration. Pasteurization involves heating honey to high temperatures to slow crystallization and kill any yeast or bacteria. Fine filtration removes most fine particles, creating a homogenous liquid texture. Raw honey undergoes no high heat and only coarse filtration to remove larger bits of wax and debris.

This means raw honey contains more of the bee-produced compounds that give honey its unique therapeutic, nutritional and antimicrobial properties. It also contains flecks of bee pollen, propolis and honeycomb.

In contrast, pure or regular honey undergoes some processing for clarity and shelf stability. It is gently warmed to help filtration and slow granulation. This removes fine particles while retaining most natural enzymes, minerals and nutrients. Pure honey has a smooth, pourable consistency and a longer shelf life before crystallisation occurs.

While both raw and regular honey offers health advantages, raw honey is valued for being untouched and unprocessed. It provides the full spectrum of bee-related components. However, some find its texture less appealing. Ultimately, the choice depends on personal preference for flavour, texture and how natural you like your honey.

Raw Honey in the UK: Regulatory Perspectives

Honey regulations in the UK are managed by various food standards agencies and local councils. There is currently no consistent definition or rules around using the term “raw honey” on labels and in marketing. This creates confusion for both consumers and producers.

The term “raw honey” is not used in The Honey (England) Regulations 2015 nor the revisions up to 2023.


In England and Wales, the Association of Chief Trading Standards Officers (ACTSO) provides guidance to help trading standards officers interpret honey regulations. Their 2017 guidance advises against using “raw” on honey labels as it implies special properties that all non-heated honey possesses. However, local councils can implement this guidance differently, leading to inconsistencies.

The Food Standards Agency in Scotland oversees honey regulations there. They also view “raw” as potentially misleading and prefer terms like “unblended”, “unpasteurised” or “set” honey instead. The Scottish Beekeepers Association notes limited use of “raw” labelling in Scotland as a result.

In Northern Ireland, honey regulations fall under district councils. The term “raw honey” is not commonly used or defined in the region.

This lack of regulatory alignment and definitive rules on “raw honey” labelling causes confusion for beekeepers and consumers across the UK. Producers wanting to emphasize their minimal processing methods struggle to communicate this effectively. Consumers aiming to buy raw honey can face questionable label claims.

Clear national guidance and requirements would benefit honest beekeepers marketing their honey as raw or unprocessed. Consumers would also have more confidence in the accuracy of raw honey labelling. Better aligning regulations could support the growing market for raw honey in the UK.

Raw Honey in the USA: Regulatory Perspectives

In the United States, honey production and labelling are overseen by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA is responsible for enforcing proper food manufacturing, testing standards, and label claims.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

For honey, the FDA has established a standard of identity that sets requirements for moisture content, solids content, and labelling criteria. Honey must contain no added sweeteners or other additives. Specific labelling is mandated for different honey varieties like clover and orange blossom.

The FDA previously defined raw honey as honey that has not been heated above ambient temperatures or filtered to remove pollen and particles. However, the FDA has since retracted defining raw honey due to a lack of scientific evidence supporting claims of superior health properties.

Currently, the FDA’s only reference to raw honey relates to a warning about possible misbranding. Their position is that implying raw honey is healthier than processed honey could qualify as false advertising if the claims are not substantiated.

Beyond this guidance, the FDA does not formally regulate the use of “raw” on honey labels or have a legal definition established. But the lack of prohibition also means companies can make truthful raw honey claims based on their minimal processing methods.

Overall, the FDA policies allow for transparency in production methods through voluntary quality labeling. But companies must ensure they can back up any specific health-related claims used in marketing raw honey.

Misconceptions and Labelling Challenges

There is a common misconception among UK consumers that raw honey and pure honey are the same product. However, pure honey undergoes gentle processing and filtration while raw honey does not. Products labeled as “raw” may still be filtered to some degree and not completely unprocessed.

This confusion is exacerbated by questionable labeling practices. Some brands market their honey as “raw” when it has been heated and lightly filtered. Without legal standards, companies can take advantage of the raw hype even with a certain amount of processing.

For consumers seeking the purest bee-produced honey, the “100% Honey” label is vital. This indicates no added syrups, sweeteners or adulterants – just pure honey from the hive. However, “100% Honey” doesn’t guarantee raw or unfiltered on its own. Checking processing details is important for buyers wanting raw honey in the truest sense.

Clearer labelling laws would enable consumers to easily identify authentic raw honey. In their absence, buyers need to scrutinize honey origins, methods and any verified certifications to determine if “raw” claims are trustworthy.

Nutritional Content and Health Benefits

honey sheets

Due to minimal processing, raw honey retains more of the live enzymes, antioxidants, minerals, and polyphenols found in honey. Heating and filtering honey removes some of these delicate compounds.

Studies show raw honey has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and wound-healing properties. It also provides probiotic benefits to aid digestion. Raw honey contains pollen grains, bee propolis, and royal jelly, which enhance these therapeutic effects.

Processing honey can degrade or remove these valuable substances. Raw honey delivers more overall nutrients and a larger concentration of beneficial phytochemicals that may promote the associated health benefits.

The lack of pasteurization also makes raw honey a more probiotic food containing beneficial bee bacteria. Heating honey destroys these sensitive microorganisms.

Ensuring honey remains as close to its natural state as possible through minimal processing boosts its nutritional and medicinal value. While pure honey confers benefits too, raw honey offers the most health “punch” the hive produces.

Organic Honey and Environmental Considerations

Achieving organic certification for honey in the UK is challenging. Bees can forage up to 5 miles from their hives, making it difficult to guarantee they haven’t encountered pesticides or other contaminants that would disqualify honey from being organic.

Due to bees’ large foraging range, very few UK beekeepers can control the environment enough to be granted organic status. As a result, most certified organic honey sold in Britain is imported.

Even if not certified organic, supporting local raw honey provides environmental benefits. Choosing honey from local small-scale beekeepers helps sustain bee populations and local ecosystems. Well-managed honey bees bolster pollination, improve crop yields, and contribute to biodiversity.

Raw honey also offers a closer connection to the local land. The taste and nutritional profile of raw honey reflects the flora around the hive. Purchasing raw honey from local producers links consumers to the unique terroir of the region.

Consumer Recommendations

When choosing raw honey in the UK, check that the label specifies “unpasteurized,” “unheated,” or “straight from the hive.” Contact the producer to ask about their filtration methods. Select honey with visible pollen grains or comb bits.

Support small-scale local beekeepers selling at farmer’s markets or independent shops. Ask about their hives’ locations and foraging range. This supports native bee health and local biodiversity.

If you eat honey from local hives, it provides a delicious taste of the regional floral terroir. It connects you to the lands surrounding the hives. Savour local honey’s seasonal nuances just as you would fresh produce.

Choosing local raw honey benefits hard-working beekeepers and contributes to sustainable agriculture. It provides income to continue their essential environmental services of pollination and ecosystem balance.

Conclusion – what is raw honey?

Raw honey is growing in popularity for its minimally processed, farm-fresh quality. However, inconsistent regulation of the term “raw” in the UK has led to consumer confusion and questionable label claims.

Raw honey can provide unique health, nutritional and environmental benefits when sourced and labelled transparently. Its production supports local beekeepers, who are essential for pollination, biodiversity and sustainable agriculture.

Informed consumers can help shift the market toward ethically sourced raw honey that retains its natural hive components. This preserves honey’s therapeutic properties while benefitting beekeepers dedicated to an ecological approach.

Choosing local raw honey links consumers to the land and empowers producers supporting bee health. With conscientious purchasing and proper education, raw honey can sweeten diets while also fostering environmental and community well-being.


Next on your reading list: How Do Bees Make Honey?


Jonathan Gaze

Content Editor

Hello there! I’m Jonathan Gaze, Content Editor for Harry Rufus.

With my technical problem-solving skills and meticulous attention to detail, I present sustainable living advice clearly and understandably. I’ve developed a knack for filtering out the fluff, presenting you with only the most practical and reliable sustainable living guidelines.

Here’s what you can anticipate from my content:

  • Clear, reliable advice on sustainable living.
  • Informative articles that simplify complex concepts.
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I’m committed to making your transition to an eco-conscious lifestyle a breeze, turning challenges into opportunities.

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